Ibn Battuta was a Moroccan Berber Islamic scholar and traveller known for the record of his travels and excursions published in the Rihla.
Hajji Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Battuta, or simply Ibn Battuta, also known as Shams ad–Din (February 25, 1304–1368 or 1369), was a Moroccan Berber Islamic scholar and traveller known for the record of his travels and excursions published in the Rihla (literally, "The Journey"). His journeys spanned nearly thirty years and covered almost the entire known Islamic world and beyond, extending from North Africa, West Africa, Southern Europe and Eastern Europe in the West, to the Middle East, Indian subcontinent, Central Asia, Southeast Asia and China in the East, a distance far surpassing that of his predecessors and his near-contemporary Marco Polo. On account of the Rihla, Ibn Battuta is considered one of the greatest travellers of all time. He travelled more than 75,000 miles (121,000 km), a figure unlikely to have been surpassed by any traveller until the coming of the Steam Age some 450 years later.