Faxian was a Chinese Buddhist monk who traveled to Nepal, India, and Sri Lanka to acquire Buddhist scriptures between 399 and 412.
Faxian (337 – c. 422 CE) was a Chinese Buddhist monk who traveled to Nepal, India, and Sri Lanka to acquire Buddhist scriptures between 399 and 412. His journey is described in his important travelogue, A Record of Buddhist Kingdoms, Being an Account by the Chinese Monk Fa-Xian of his Travels in India and Ceylon in Search of the Buddhist Books of Discipline. He is most known for his pilgrimage to Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha. Fa Xian is a Chinese pilgrim and scholar who visited India during Chandragupta's reign.On Fa Xian's return to China, after a two-year stay in Ceylon, a violent storm drove his ship onto an island that was probably Java. Fa Xian landed at Laoshan in what is now Shandong province, 30 km east of the city of Qingdao and went to Shandong's then-capital, Qingzhou, where he remained for a year translating and editing the scriptures he had collected.His work is a travel book, filled with accounts of early Buddhism, and the geography and history of numerous countries along the Silk Roads at the turn of the 5th century CE. Fa Xain visited India in the early fifth century AD. He is said to have walked all the way from China across icy desert and rugged mountain passes. He entered India from the north-west and reached Pataliputra. He took back with him Buddhist texts and images sacred to Buddhism.