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You make many good points. When most people talk about the abilities of a race (or gender) or individual person, they tend to say either that we are all the same, OR each race etc has specific abilities due to XXXX. I believe neither side is true. There are so many factors that it cannot easily be defined. I like your statement about accelerated evolution. Something that is seldom talked about. We are seeing some of that in poor areas of the US where the strong and most aggressive are likely to have the most babies with the most women. I dont know if this is really true, but that is what I am getting from what I see in the news and other input.
If, in fact, Africans are genetically inclined to be better at languages, maybe it has an evolutionary cause. There have been many languages in Africa through history, and not a lot of writing of them. To survive and thrive, you probably had to, in history, be very smart, and good at taking up languages.
Again, this may be true, I dont know. But, one of the many factors is the environment a person grows up in. For example, you grew up on farms. You had mechanical things to do and play with. You needed to figure technical things out. You may have had a natural ability to do these things, but had you instead grown up in an environment where you had no opportunity to learn these things, this talent may have atrophied. I grew up in an environment with a lot of mechanical things etc. So did my brother. He has NO mechanical/technical aptitude. Was that due to natural abilities, or lack there of? Maybe. But it could be something else. My brother did not have the patience to sit with my father and play with these things. He is older and in his formative years my father had less time to help him along with these things. There were more kids in our neighborhood his age during that time, and many more other distractions. So.... was it nature or nurture that caused these differences? I contend that it is both. Had our ages been reversed, I would probably be less technical, and he more, but technical things would have still been easier, more natural, for me, and harder for him.
I have worked with a number people of all races in an office environment. In office environments, you will get people from all walks of life, with all kinds of histories. Other than physical makeup, I see no distinction between any two peoples from similar environments. Abilities, manners, etc tend to be the same. Even the physical makeup seems to change a little over generations. Kids in third and fourth generations seem to be getting heavier, for example. I was working with a black guy recently that was the same age and grew up in a similar environment to one of my nephews. Both came from parents that had decent money, but who had grown up in good solid blue collar families. Both sets of parents went to college etc.. If you stood the two of these men next to each other, and ignored skin color, they could be brothers. Similar voices, similar mannerisms, similar physical makeup, similar intellects, similar jobs. (both were engineers), similar natural abilities.
I could pull up a ton of examples that would support these points. And I am sure you could pull up thousands more than I ever could. Culture and environment seems to be the final deciding factors in who we are, although these factors are not alone in deciding who we are. We have all seen babies that were stubborn from birth, and others that were happy from birth etc.
For years I had been convinced that this whole evolution thing about natural selection was missing something big. That there was more to it. It seemed to happen too fast. It seemed to me that it only took a generation to change some things, and that nobody had to die for the change to take place. And that the animals/people/plants were too stable when there was no reason to change. I felt change was being passed down to the next generation through another means as well as natural selection. Well, it turns out I was right, in a way. according to one theory. It is not simply that the ones most fit live and prosper while the ones that dont die off. There are triggers in the genes of animals (and maybe plants) that can be triggered by various environmental factors. Have plenty of food when you are growing up? The genes of your offspring may have triggers tripped to make them taller or bigger, even if they dont have plenty of food. You grow up during a famine, your kids may be small, even if they have plenty of food. I dont know a lot about the theory. I dont even know if it is a popular one and I certainly dont know how accurate it is, but it does explain a lot about how we are who we are and how people of the world can be so different, yet so much the same.
I speak French and Spanish fluently. I know when a person or race has an aptitude I do not have.
As for trying or working harder. Not much of that going on here in Africa.