Water Pasteurization

Water Pasteurization
Pokjara, Nepal Asia
February 6, 2007

I learned a term form the FOST Solar guy in Kathmandu, Nepa, the term is Water Pasteurization, and the idea is to boil water until it safe.

I knew this, just did not know the term of the day, however with this device and my 12 Volt cooky thingy, I could also so this, in addition to cooking peas, corn, or hot water for coffee and tea.

12-Volt Beverage Heater Immersible

I am very excited, I am stopping at home to visit, I can buy many toys! The USA is just a convenient place.

Water Pasteurization

Togo Africa Frogs

Togo Africa Frogs
Kpalime, Togo West Africa
Monday, April 9, 2007

I was working my way through the central market, I stopped to quiz a girl, is that citron, the lemon juice I like. I get an answer of Coca Cola.

I hear this bullfrog noise, so I think why not go look at the river ditch an and see what is up. I find a mess of Frogs making Tadpole and this one bloater making noise.

This is one of them National Geographic Photo moments, therefore I am thinking. I will give my finger a lick, hold it up, and check the wind. Has nothing to do with the Photo, however, I had this fleeting moment thoughts about F-stops, and shade, and letting it develop longer. I was saying to myself, I really should learn to do all the adjustment tricks.

There was a mix of shade and sunny spots, instead of fancy camera work, I timed it when they swam to a good spot, except for the bloater, Mr. He, or Mr She did not move, kept bloating. He was acting like the bull ape of frogs.

Photos of the ditch, river, stream that runs through the market. There was a heavy rain yesterday and the water came roaring through this ditch, cleaning the ditch and was exciting, as the water was at flood stage for about 10 minutes.

These frog were making tadpoles, I would guess there was about 20-30 couples in the middle of the day, in the middle of the central market of Kpalime, doing it.

I am learning continually how to take better photos. So far, I have not learned to do adjustment to the camera end, I do the adjustment to me, choosing the angles, the light and the timing and the shot. Nothing a 2000 Dollar Pro camera could not fix, or a graphic program. Note, I do not touch photos, except sometimes to label. You are getting what I see or saw.

I think this frog is almost the same as Indiana frogs, sorry not the stereotype of Africa.

Togo Africa Frogs

Tsevie to Keve Togo

Tsevie to Keve Togo
Kpalime, Togo West Africa
Friday, April 20, 2007

I walked out of the Hotel Grand of Tsevie, my 5000 CFA half the night electric room and went to the junction in front of the Shell Station. I was laughing, about 10:00 pm, and I am sleeping in the heat, they come and try to get me to move to room, with no shower and toilet, yet is on the generator used for the very large bar area. I was asking before if there were rooms there, and I think I could have got a room, without shower for 3000, I gave up too quick, and it would have had a fan all night, there is no justice, 3000-4000 and a fan because it has a generator, pay 5000 and have no electricity.

I need to continue to learn French.
Chambre sans douche? = A room without a shower or toilet?

Room connected to the electric generator.
Chambre être lié à générateur de electrique.

Oh well, trials and tribulations, and some problems for me to solve, something do to do.

I went to the Shell station in Tsevie, sort of thought, I will flag a moto that has enough petrol to go to Tabligbo closer to the Benin, Border. Then a group came around me and the price became increasingly difficult to negotiate. There is a problem when many Togo Motos are in one location, they all want to save face, and see who can get the White Man to pay the most. I have discovered, I need to get moving Motos and one at a time to get the best price, it would seem they would compete, but the opposite happens, they compete to see who can say the most, and they support each other in high prices.

The prices went from about 2000 mille, and then adjusted to 3.500 after listing to the other boys to a high of 6000 to go to Tabligo. I left many frustrated and hollering moto taxis and kept walking. Met another one, and asked the prices for both places, he said 3500 for Tabligo and 1500 for Keve. I made a call audible at the line of scrimmage and decide to go to Keve to the West.

The ride to Keve was nice, a small dirt road and some small villages along the way, as we was leaving the city of Tsevie, I saw many women with clay pots on their heads. There may be a Friday market, and they had many varieties and somewhere they must be making clay pots in the area.

These pots were being carried towards the city of Tsevie, Togo. I believe this large one would sit outside a door to a home. The women would go to the well or a collection point and return to fill it with drinking water.

I am now in Kpalime; I will post to my blog, clean up the house and try to buy a small fan I can carry in my bag. I think I am going to look for motorcycle batteries also and a charger, it is possible I find a 12 volt speaker fan and this would work well. I am not sure if I can tap the 6 or 12-volt motorcycle battery for juice for the computer or not. Need to do some research.

This is a typical view of Togo, the big tree is not so normal, the land looks like this, and the color of the dirt is normally red. It is hard to see a good area of land farmed.

Tsevie to Keve Togo

I go north towards Adeta, Togo tomorrow morning.

Cultural Stages of Togo Homes

Cultural Stages of Togo Homes
Amlame, Togo West Africa
Tuesday, April 24, 2007

All photos were taken in the Village of Danyi Apeyeme, Togo West Africa, on the Danyi Plateau, about 50 Kilometers North and West of Kpalime.

I would observe and think this home is very old. Take a very close look and you will see a wooden water container with a lid, I am 95 percent, sure, it is not to make Fufu as they look about the same. Cooking is done under the eave of the home. There is the absolute minimal amount of home. The roof is grass. No screens, I am not sure about the bars on the windows, maybe there is not window. I have observed home with a series of 3 to 10 single entrance doors in some countries. I am thinking to make the most amount of air, you need this type of construction, and you want the whole wall to open. I think having doors all the way around the home would give the most amount of ventilation, and then have screens on the door openings. Then only use one for ingress, egress. The problem with a building is air, but it protects you from the elements, animals not so good on mosquitoes.

This photo taken in Danyi, Apeyeme is on the way down to the river, behind the small market where they drink that brew of alcohol.

This home has a steel roof, the wall are still clay adobe, yet hey have made a plaster effect. The water is collected by a gutter into a 55-gallon steel container. The building to the right I the kitchen, now under roof and safe from rain. The window have wood shutter, behind the shutter are bard made of rebar used inside concrete slabs to make strong.

Between the kitchens are the shower and the toilet. I took photos of this toilet, a unique, but very practical and pragmatic design. I think I will post it.

Danyi Apeyeme, Togo West Africa
Home Stay coordinates - Michel and Jane are the Owners
Saturday, April 21, 2007
07 degrees 12.203 North
000 degrees 41.452 East
795 Meters of altitude above sea level

This is not the most modern here, by a long shot; there are luxury homes that would make any USA person jealous. Complete with servants, living quarters and a gardener, I always say, you can tell how rich a person is… Do they have a bodyguard?

Ok, this home is probably concreted; the bars are now on the outside and placed into the wall. There is maybe louvered windows, and screens on the windows.

The porch is luxury, and the size is luxury, I would think they have a shower area around back and who knows for toilet.

This photo was taken in Danyi, Apeyme, Togo up the hill from the middle picture, or the GPS coordinates.

The village has a water tower, however, I do not think they use, good drinking water is free here, and I do not think they could get people to pay, they would just walk and get water and skip the pay idea. This is just a guess, I see nobody using the inside water in the village of

Danyi Apeyeme, Togo West Africa
Home Stay coordinates - Michel and Jane are the Owners
Saturday, April 21, 2007
07 degrees 12.203 North
000 degrees 41.452 East
795 Meters of altitude above sea level

From an architectural, culture point of view, this small city was great. Danyi Apeyeme, Togo West Africa is small enough to still use typical water gathering methods from the river, has just installed electricity, has a water tower, but seems to be not be used. In one small region of this country, in one small trek you can see all this in one hour. The river, the building, the construction methods. There are all layers of the culture in one area to view and try to understand or not understand, but muse.

Architecture, Togo Architecture, West Africa Architecture, Culture West Africa, Culture, Construction, Water, Toilets and Showers,

Cultural Stages of Togo Homes

Togo Playing in Rain

Togo Playing in Rain
Atakpame, Togo West Africa
Friday, April 27, 2007

For three day straight days, at about 2-3 in the afternoon, we have received a country cooling rain here in Togo. Contrary to any mythical movie type thoughts, it normally rains only about one hour in the afternoon, then it will start about 8-9 at night and rain all night in the so-called Monsoon areas. If you are in a real Rain Forest, like in Coca Ecuador, up on the mountain there, it will almost always be raining, or you are living inside a cloud.

These children from down below the hotel immediately came up after the storm stopped and played under the spouts coming from the roof of my Hotel.

This boy decided to wash his shirt, I am not sure why, I think he want an excess amount of water to rinse his clothes. I am positive he access to water, he is alive.

This is a photo from a big storm in the Danyi Apeyeme village on the Danyi Plateau.

I finally realized, fresh drinking water is always available any place on the planet it rains. The problem is to collect and store the water.

This is rain drained off a rusty roof into a large 55-Gallon Barrel. I thought maybe it was bad to drink yet this website sort of says, no problem.

I am in a Rain area of West Africa, there is more rain in this belt than most parts of the planet.

Water, Food, Togo,

Togo Playing in Rain

I Dream of Safe Drinking Water for Travel

I Dream of Safe Drinking Water for Travel
Lome, Togo West Africa
Thursday, June 28, 2007

I think a more accurate statement is,

I dream of a day when I can stop listening to the endless drone of travelers explaining how to drink purified water, or this is safe and this is not.

I heard and explanation the other day how to make Fufu here in Togo with purified water. Then the next comment explaining how the small sachets or bags sold are ok to drink, then the next saying how the small Visage (SP) frozen drinks are ok, it went on and on and I was in the middle between two people, I could not walk away.

The truth about drinking water is this, nobody knows, they are just guessing or gossiping as an authority. I drink the water in every country unless is taste bad or smells and know they always wash dishes in the normal tap water, so I cannot avoid drinking the water. I think the problem is food, not the water.

However, my dream is getting closer to reality; I want to know is the water I drink here in Togo safe? I would say the water from the tap here in Lome is some of the best on the planet.

Thanks to my CNIA - Cellular Network Internet Access here in Togo, I was able to search until I found some laboratories that test water in the USA. I will now write or call many to learn.

How do I collect the water samples?
What is the price to test the water?

This page has a list of state laboratories that test drinking water.

After I find a couple of good labs, I will take the samples in every country I visit, then send to the lab and hope others will help.

I am annoyed, I can find endless pages explaining the problems, however difficult to find pages that say,
- This is how you take a water sample. -
- This is where you send. -
- This is the cost to test -

I am hoping there is not a huge time problem, maybe I need to take the sample and they need it within three days, this could be problem with shipping from Africa to the USA.

I am going to take samples of the most popular purified water sold in countries, the tap water from my hotel and document this in the best scientific and statistical methods I can derive.

I want to know the truth, I want to know which water sources are safe and which purified water companies are selling bad water.

If you get all excited, call and find out how to sample and the cost,

I read this page and think this is nuts, the information has correlated and was derived saying more or less, you are poor, therefore you have bad water, sort of junk science with a twist.

I Dream of Safe Drinking Water for Travel

Rain Washing Away Bolga

Rain Washing Away Bolga
Bolgatanga or Bolga, Ghana West Africa
Saturday, September 1, 2007

I just rambled on about the edge of culture at Yeji, Ghana and I am here in Bolgatanga, Ghana where un-natural or against the contra-ecosystem, development has created some sewer and water chaos.

This development is what people want money for and it creates often an annoyingly ugly situation for years and maybe decades. It requires time and money to maintain modern concentrated development of inner cities. There is no choice, when people want to cluster, and live in highly concentrated, pack to the gills cities, the country and cities must build sewer systems and a big time lag.

It is now raining very hard in Bolga, it has rain all night and slowly the higher points around this village are absorbing the water like a sponge. Tomorrow as the storm sewers are not adequate yet, and the run-off water finds a downhill path, it will create many rills, then channels as gravity of the land sponge allows the water to find its way to the sea. The city of Bolga seems to be on top of a location of many rills and channels.

Definition of Rill or Rills

1. stream: a little stream or brook
2. groove in soil: a small channel cut in soil

The sequence is something like this:

Convergence of Tributaries is a River

I found the large market in Bolga, just about 50 meters to the east of the large Lorry or Tro Tro Station. This mean, the large 15 passenger Vans and a few full-size buses. Mostly the 15 passenger vans and not the Taxis station. It was not on my map of the city, and the locals do not seem to understand the English word Market, I had to say Bananas, and they do not sell many Bananas there if any, I should have said Tomatoes, this would have lead me to the Market. I know this now in hindsight, tomatoes would lead me there, maybe groundnuts, a peanut to Americans.

In the market are rills, and actively flowing rills. It had not rained for about 24 hours when I arrived, and it was dry, the majority of puddles had evaporated. However, the rills continued to be fed from somewhere. It was a very curious experience for me; I was enthralled by the small rills, like a three-inch wide river or creek running through the market. Normally a rill starts and ends quickly.

There are sand bags in the market, trying to control the flow of the rills as they become channels and sometimes too large for the path. I am curious; the concrete or asphalt surfaces have expanded and created non-sponge areas of flat surface that seeks a low spot.

The market is good fun, as there are many bicycles and a few motorcycles, they use these paths and splash their way through some of the rills. There are very few bikes in Ghana and suddenly in this city of Bolga, there are hundreds. A person has to take care to not be hit by a bike or motorcycle, I was eating Fried Rice and Chicken the other night and a Vendor with a tub on her head was hit by a motorcycle, splashing the older lady into the street, fortunately, she did not appear hurt badly.

Water in Africa is fun, when it rains, what is a small channel can become a flooded roaring river, washing trash, plastic bags, and anything close into the channels and away to the nearest lake. A city becomes cleaner from manmade trash, however muddy and wet.

Rills form natural paths in dense vegetation and walking in the rill is easier than making a new path with a machete. Bolga is a construction zone as they somehow try to build up, sideways and try to manage the water, sewer, and byproducts of humans. Bolga is presently losing the battle; they have built way too many building structures and paved too many roads without adequate supplies of storm, sewage and water management or retention ponds.

Humorous to watch in a place where every sign says they ware working on development, and the NGOs just miss the point, start with the basics, provide infrastructure. The Chinese are good, they are doing a great job of giving Africa what they need, not what they want.

I could leave Bolga and overpopulated cluster of people full of chaotic development and go enter a small village, and the village would be very organized and manageable. While the bigger so-called developed is chaos. I would say the self-sustaining villages, what I have stopped calling subsistence farming may be the best use of land and resources.

Cities need large employers, where the mass of people can earn enough to live adequately. I am not sure the flock of development geese is flying in the correct direction.

Rain Washing Away Bolga

Drinking Water in Philippines

Drinking Water in Philippines
People buy water to drink in this housing development in Quezon, City, in the country of the Philippines.

Manila, Philippines - Quezon City Southeast Asia
Friday, December 7, 2007
Andy of HoboTraveler.com ---

I drink the water in all countries.

If the management and staff of my hotel drink the water.
- I drink the water.

If the poor people do not drink the water.
- I do not drink the water.

If I am in a convenience store and the average people comes in and buys a bottle of water, or these same people area walking around with a bottle of water in their hands, I will try to buy water.

Ok, I assume I drink the water in all countries; therefore, I drink the water in all countries. I truly believe it is impossible not drink the water of a country. They wash dishes, ice cubes, restaurants, etc, I am 100 percent sure I consume the normal tap water in all countries.

However, if there is bottled water around and it is cheap, I drink the bottled water. Cheap Water is about 25 Cents US per Liter Bottle, one dollar is not cheap. The water is not cheap in the Philippines in the 7-11 or Mini Mart.

The big five-gallon bottles are maybe cheap.

Cheap Water and health of the country improves, there is some percentage of water we drink that is a factor. For example, if I drink 100 percent faucet water this is not as good as to drink 10 percent faucet and 90 percent bottle. I think the body becomes supersaturated with water and the nasty stuff in the water comes out of the body in colorations on cheeks. When I see nasty colors, or zits, pimple or other skin problems, I try to access if the sewer water is leeching into the water supplies.

The Philippines has many skin problems, more than the normal country, but the population density is wildly high compared to most also.

The weird part is the normal people in the Malate Area drank the tap water, and the people in this expensive housing area in Quezon City where I now live do not.

Drink Water is normally a countrywide phenomenon. This may very well be a rich and poor country more than I understood. I do not see anyone in this area drinking the water. I will walk around the Ever Tesco Mall today and see if they drink the water.

Rich People seem to believe they have to drink bottle water, so Rich People are not a good thing to observe on any culture or brains aspect. Rich people buy many things that are just ridiculous and are prone to all the fads, trends, and snake oil salesmen. I more or less look for normal person, the receptionist in the hotel is normally a good persons lead to follow.

The receptionist in my Hotels in Malate area drank the water.

Drinking the water will not kill you; however, it may supersaturate your body over a long period of time with a lot of junk. How something entered you body to kill you is not clear, personally I am wagering it the food you eat, not the water from the tap. If it was the water the whole country would be dropping over dead, but one restaurant can have a problem.

The safe thing to do on a two week vacation is not drink the water, but a two week water budget will not kill you either.

Drinking Water in Philippines

Burkina Faso Carrying Water Video

Burkina Faso Carrying Water Video
A water collection video of people standing around a public water dispenser loading up pots, buckets, tubs, and big 55 gallon barrels, both pushed by humans or pulled by donkey carts.

This video is 10 minutes of one view, made for a person who really wanted to study how they collect water in Burkina Faso, or West Africa. September of 2007 I was in Burkina Faso.

Philippines - Southeast Asia
Thursday, December 13, 2007
Andy of HoboTraveler.com ---

The water carrying video is probably extremely boring for the average person. The people are using a water hose or maybe two to fill large tubs of water they then carry on their heads. There is many donkey carts lead by small children that fill up 55 gallons barrels.


Burkina Faso Water Carrying Video

Burkina Faso Carrying Water Video

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