Spanish Language travelers / tourist.
A guide to pronunciation of Spanish for an English speaking person,
with a cheat sheet of common words and phrases
Pronunciation Guide:
Ways to learn Spanish

Ways: To learn Spanish

1. Immersion. To be in a place where there is absolutely no,   non Spanish speakers.
2. Pain: You have to go to place where you feel inadequate, and you do not understand.
3. Confusion principal: Read paper, market, search for things, write letters,
4. Interaction principal: You must have a reason to talk. The best way is to teach English
5. Subjected to principal: If you are subjected to a sign, or newspaper you will learn.
6. Rote memory: Write out word 20 time, saying, speaking
7. Emotions principal: The more emotions involved in learning a word, the more likely we will learn.
8. Associations principal: The more associations we have with the word the better. The more memories.
9. Memories: Write down all word, and where you learn.
10. Write down principal: Write down every word you learn, where, when, so you have an association.
11. Subtitles principal: Watch a lot of TV with sub-titles. Read as you watch.
12. Girlfriend, Boyfriend. Love will definitely make you learn
13. Communication in writing: Write emails to friends in language.
14. Write book: Pretend you are writing a book to teach a person how to learn Spanish, when you are done the book will have so many ways you learn, that you will have taught yourself.
15. Carry principal: Carry a pen, paper, and dictionary at all times.
16. Avoid: Any place where everyone goes to learn Spanish. i.e. Antigua Guatemala. Too much English.
17. Grouping principal: Group word by category. i.e. all word to do with cleaning your clothes.
18. Signs principal: Read all signs, the more time you see them, the more you will learn.
19. Hearing principal: listening to people, helps you learn the sounds, the methods, etc.
20. Grammar Principal: Learn grammar from English speaker, so they can explain.
21. English teacher: Learn grammar to start
22. Spanish only teacher: After you know the grammar, switch to a Spanish teacher.
23. Pay money principal: people that pay a lot of money, feel obligation to learn.
24. Talk Fast principal: Try to talk as fast as possible so you so not translate in your head.
25. Buy principal: To buy something everyday. Makes you interact.
26. Common areas. Sit in the common areas of hotels, or houses. Do not hide in your room.
27. Notes principals: Take all your notes in Spanish.
28. Touch principal: Touch everything, and say the word in Spanish.
29. Translation principal: Translate menus, signs for hotels.
30. Permission principal: Give your friends permission to correct you.
31. Collect problems principal: Make a list of problems, when close to a bilingual person, have them explain. This does not work with Spanish only peoples.
32. Throw away principal: Throw away all books, and materials you have to read in your native language.
33. Corrections principal: Write letter, etc, and than have a person correct them for you. You will see your errors.
34. Errors principals: The more errors you make, the more you will learn. To error is good.
35. Native words: Never use a word from your native language, intermixed with the Spanish.
36. Music: Listen to music in Spanish
37. Job principal: A job will make you learn quickly
38. Labels: label all your stuff in Spanish.
39. Talk to yourself principal: Talk to yourself out loud in Spanish.
40. Suffix, Prefix. Study all the ending and beginning
41. Phrase book: use various dictionaries, etc, because you will get bored with one.
42. Boredom principal: Change routine constantly, so you learn new words.
43. Parallel Book. Have Spanish on one side, and English on the other
44. Exchange, where I talk for one hour (Spanish), and the other person talks for one hour (English)
45. Software: Load program into your computer, and choose a different language.
46. Teach: Teach you native language, and you will learn theirs.

How to know that you do not want to learn a language?

1. You do not buy a dictionary
2. You do not own a Grammar Book

1. You must learn pronunciation rules first, or you will be forming bad habits forever

Learn a language is memorization.  Some people are naturals. They very quickly understand.
Others like me learn only though ROTE memory. 
Rote: To repeat something until you cannot help but remember.
It works on the principal that the more SENSE used the more we remember.

To learn by rote memory:

Touch: Write
Hear: Say the word while writing.
See: See the word you are writing
Talk: To say the word.

Write (ONE) letter out 20 times. 

a = ah in father
a = ah in father
a = ah in father
a = ah in father
a = ah in father
a = ah in father
a = ah in father
a = ah in father
a = ah in father
a = ah in father
a = ah in father
a = ah in father
a = ah in father
a = ah in father
a = ah in father

The process happens in this order.

1. Vocabulary by remembering words.
2. They can describe a word, and you learn the word.
3. You ask "como se llama?" or "come se dice?" for an OBJECT.

This means how do you call that? i.e. Chair.

4. You see the word so many time, or hear the word so many time you remember it. i.e. You walk past a sign every day for a month, or a friend has a habit of using a certain phrase.
5. Immersion.
6. You learn relations of words. To use one way "tomo" I drink, or "tomo el sol" I am tanning.

English Word Spanish Word Sounded out English Word Spanish Word Sounded out
Bathroom Baño   Clean Limpiar  
Bribe Mordida   Room Cuarto  
Beer Cervesa   Sick Enferma  
Excuse me Con Permiso   Pharmacy Farmacia  
Please Por Favor   Bus Autobus  
Open Abierto   Home Casa  
How Much Cuantas Cuesta     Palapa  
I Want Yo Quiero   Warm Calor, Caliente  
Checkout time     Wash Clothes Lavar Ropa  
Where is? Donde es?   Laundrymat Lavandería  
My Name is Me llamo es.        
Disculpa Me I'm sorry.        
Dance Bailer        
Water Agua        
Food comida coemeedah      
Hot Water Agua Caliente        
Hello Hola ohla      
Bye Adios ahdeehoes      
Drinks Bebidas Beh bee dahs      
Drink Tomar Toemar      
Bill Cuenta Cwenta      
Book Libro Leebroe      
Where do you live? Donde eres?        
How old are you?          


Pronunciation Guide:
     The Spanish alphabet contains 26 simple and 1 compound letter. W (doble u) can be added but usually only appears in foreign words, as does the k. The compound rr is never separated and never begins a word. The letters are all feminine.

Alphabet Mex Span Argen Description Spanish Word Example in english.
a       ah padre, sala Father
aye         i as in hide
ow         ow as in How
b       boy burro, voy, ver, hombre, invierno Like b in boy when initial in a breath group and after m and n-basta,
b between vowels         cuba, saber, uva, lavar Between vowels the lips are more relaxed, scarcely touching each other.
c before a ka     cat cama  
c before o       cat como,  
c before u       cat cuna  
c before consonant       cat claro  
c before e       city ceña  
c before i       city ciñe  
Ch           Ch as in Cheese
d at start of word       day tongue on bottom of teeth   When initial somewhat like the the d in day, but with the tip of the tonque place on the lower edge of the upper teeth rather than on the upper part
d between vowels       th madrid, verdad, nada, pasado  
e       they me, mesa, leche When e is folloed bya consonant in the same syllabe, it sounds like the e in tell, el, tener, afecto
ay         ay as in Hay
h Not pro          
i ee     machine mi, tinta The "i" in police.
ya         Ya in yard
ye         Ye as in yes
k           kilo, kilometer,
ku k       ques aqui quien  
késo akí kjen
l L          
ll Ya         ll is the same as million
ñ nnaa         N as in onion
o       gonna    
o       note, for no, nota When o is followed by a consonant in same syllable, it sound like o or por, flor
oy         Oy as in boy
p p          
q ka         c as in cat
r at beginning of word rrrr       rosa, rana  
rr in center rrrr       carro, correr, guerrero  
v       boy burro, voy, ver, hombre, invierno Like b in boy when initial in a breath group and after m and n-basta,
v between vowels         cuba, saber, uva, lavar Between vowels the lips are more relaxed, scarcely touching each other.
x           examen, proxima


A mayúscula  Capital A
a minúscula  small a
á el acento accent
~ (ñ)  la tilde  tilde
¨ (ü)  la diéresis,  la crema dieresis

The apporoximate pronunciation of each letter is like that found in English word that follows it.


a  ah: padre, sala
e they: me, mesa, leche, when e is followed by a consonant in the same syllable, it sounds like the e in tell: el, te-ner, a-fe-to.
i machine: mi, tinta
o note: no, nota  When o is followed by a consonant in same syllable, it sounds like o in or: por, flor
u rule: uno, luna

b, v, boy
Like b in boy when initial in a breath group and after m and n; basta, burro, voy, hombre, inviern.
Between vowel the lips are more relaxed, scarcely touching each other: Cuba, saber, uva, lavar

Diphthong: A blend of two vowel sounds in syllable, as in oi in coil.

Definitions to understand for pronunciation:

B Grande, is B, V pequena is V
Bilabial: Articulated with two lips.
Conjugation: To change the spelling and the pronunciation of a verb according to
who, whom you are talking. i.e I,  you, we, us, them.
Dental: Pertaining to the teeth.
Diphthong: A blend of two vowel sounds in syllable, as in oi in coil.
Interdental: In between the teeth.
Labiodental: Pertaining to the lips and the teeth.
Palatal: Pertaining to the Palate, or top of the inside of mouth.
Velar: Formed with the back of the tongue touching the soft palate, or top of the inner mouth.

Chapter 2  Regular Verbs-Indicative Tenses

Subject Pronouns

The subject of a verb is of first, second, or third peson, singular or plural. the speaker is called thefirst person; the one addresseed, the second person; and the one spoken of, the third person.

1. you  I

Reflexive verbs:

Why:  The language has trouble saying myself, yourself, etc, so they use reflexive

Join My Hobo Today