HELP THE GRAMMAR OF ANDY THE HOBOTRAVELER.COM TRAVELER

I think to complain about my grammar or to tell me it sucks is just mean, I know my grammar is bad, and I cannot get my brain to focus. But for those of you who can help, or want to help can clarify some of my problems by writing to me. Note that spelling is pretty much solved because they have installed spell checker in most of my programs now.

I do not understand...

#11. Grammar Encyclopedia or Reference guide wanted
#10. Capitalization Rules:

#8. NUMBER SPELLING
#7. CAPITALIZATIONS VS. QUOTES VS. LOWER CASE
 

QUESTIONS START HERE:

11. Grammar Encyclopedia or Reference guide wanted?
Added: March 19, 2004 in Bangkok Thailand
I have a few web pages to read, but I am a traveler. It is very hard to go to web pages to study grammar. I would be excellent to have a CD Rom or some offline computer program to help train me, or to allow me to find answers. If someone knows of a CD Rom I could buy, or a program to download please write me. Thank you.

10. Capitalization Rules:

  1. Some words are always capitalized. Which ones?

  2. When they are part of a title, name, or a place they are capitalized.

  3. 9. PM OR p.m. Which one is correct?

    PM or pm or p.m. or what?

    8. NUMBER SPELLING - 1 or one? When to use a number and when to spell it out?
    Added

    Answer:
    When below 10 the number should be written as a word.
    When above 10 the number can be written as a number.
    When it is an address it should be as a number.
    When it is a title or some proper name it should be repeated as you learned.

    Example:
    1-9 one, two, three, four, five etc.
    10 plus 10, 11, 12, 13 etc.

    Answer thanks to Jeff Westin as explained in February 2004 in Varanasi, India per a conversation on this date explaining that I need the answers as the questions arises and not after or before.

    7. CAPITALIZATIONS VS. QUOTES VS. LOWER CASE
     I am confused on this sentence...?

    Is this correct?

    VERBS - My family says or uses the wrong verbs. No matter what I do, the sound of a sentence like this seems incorrect, very difficult because this sounds strange to me. I constantly confuse "was" and "were."

    Or is this correct?

    VERBS - My family says or uses the wrong verbs. No matter what I do, the sound of a sentence like this seems incorrect, very difficult because this sounds strange to me. I constantly confuse was and were.

    Or maybe this?

    VERBS - My family says or uses the wrong verbs. No matter what I do, the sound of a sentence like this seems incorrect, very difficult because this sounds strange to me. I constantly confuse Was and Were.

    Maybe the answer is none of the above.
    ADDED TO LIST: December 22, 2003

    6. Hyphens  "-"

    I WROTE THIS:

    I was walking around with a 19 year old boy that adopted me yesterday. He was under the idea that I wanted or needed his help.

    MY SPELL CHECKER IN WORD WANTS TO CORRECT IT TO THIS.

    I was walking around with a 19-year-old boy that adopted me yesterday. He was under the idea that I wanted or needed his help.

    I do not understand why a hyphen is needed?

    5 TITLES TO PAGES:
    This is a title to a page 10 ways I lose things, or most common? Does it need a question mark or a period.
    I am not sure if I would call this question or a statement. How do I know what type of punctuation is needed?
    ADDED TO LIST: December 3, 2003

    4. I would like links to very good grammar dictionaries.
    ADDED TO LIST: December 2, 2003

    SUBMITTED:
    http://www.thebeehive.org/school/middle/subjects.asp?subject=12

    http://www.edufind.com/english/grammar/toc.cfm

    Study them a little and slowly but surely your grammar will improve.
    ...
    Sincerely,
    Steve

    3. I need a good explanation on Their, They're, There.
    ADDED TO LIST: December 2, 2003

    Andy,

    I can give you a quick answer on your grammar question about "their, they're
    and there".

    "Their" is a possessive word. It means "belonging to them" so, if you can
    substitute the phrase "belonging to them" into what you're writing and it
    makes sense, then you've used "their" correctly.

    "They're" is a contraction of two words "They" and "are". If you can
    substitute "they are" into what you're writing and it makes sense, you've
    used "they're" correctly.

    "There" means "in that place" so, if you can substitute the phrase "in that
    place" into what you're writing and it makes sense, you've used "there"
    correctly.

    I can also help with your question about "Andy's or Andys or Andys'".

    "Andy's" means "belonging to Andy".

    "Andys" literally would mean "more than one Andy". It's a plural word

    "Andys'" would be a possessive. If "more than one Andy" (this group of
    Andys) had something like a bunch of hats, you would say that those are
    Andys' hats.

    It might easier with another example word. How about the word "priestess"?

    "Those are the priestess' hats." This means there is one priestess and she
    has a bunch of hats.

    "Those priestesses have a bunch of hats." This is just the plural of
    priestess. There are several priestesses and they have a bunch of hats.

    "Those are the priestesses' hats." There are several priestesses and they
    have hats. Each may have one hat or, as a group, they may have several hats.
    You can't tell from the way I wrote the sentence.

    Hope I've helped,
    Gerard
    Receive March 13, 2004
    My location: Ulan Bator, Mongolia

    Answer: That is GREAT help. Thanks Gerald.

    2. When to use Andy's or Andys or Andys' or where to put that (') mark and why?
    I also cannot differentiate or get confused on the pluralization of words or word's or wordes.
    I have a think that is on the top of most or each section of my webpage that says,
    "Andy's Favorites"
    I am not sure whether this is correct or whether it should be "Andy Favorites" or what?
    Go here to look at an example: http://www.hobotraveler.com/guidebooks.php
    ADDED TO LIST: December 2, 2003

    1. When to use "Then" or "Than."

    ADDED TO LIST: December 2, 2003

    POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS SUBMITTED :

    Hope this helps Andy...

    1) What is the difference between then and than? These two words are quite
    different!
    Their only similarity is in the way they sound. Than is used to compare or
    contrast things, as in "He is a lot smaller than his older brother." Then refers
    to time or consequence:

    THAN
    Unlike then, than is not related to time. Than is used in comparative
    statements.

    EXAMPLES:
    * He is taller than I am.
    * Other than the interest on a small inheritance, he had no
    income.
    * Today's students certainly do seem to read less than
    students in previous generations did.
    * We learned more on the playground than we did in the
    classroom.
    * Despite their lack of flavor, the hothouse tomatoes cost
    far more than those from the farmers' market.

    THEN
    Then is used either as a time marker or with a sequence
    of events.

    EXAMPLES:
    * I took all of the exams in the morning, and then I spent
    the rest of the day catching up on sleep.
    * Back then we knew what was expected of us.
    * I bought apples from this orchard last summer, but I
    seem to remember paying more for them then.
    * Look over the study guide first, and then if you still have
    questions bring them up in class.

    2) Use of the apostrophe

    Use of the apostrophe to indicate possession:
    * The possessive form of singular nouns ends in 's, including nouns
    ending in s, x, z, ch, or sh. For example, a dog's life; a lass's smile;
    Andy's Favorites.
    * The apostrophe follows the s for the possessive of plural nouns
    except for plurals which do not end in s. For example, you would write
    zebras' stripes, but children's books.
    * No apostrophe is used for personal pronouns like hers,
    http://dictionary.reference.com/help/faq/language/i/its.html
    its, theirs;
    indefinite pronouns require one: e.g. one's friend.
    * In compounds, the 's is added to the word nearest the object of
    possession. Joint possession is shown by putting the apostrophe
    on the last word of a series, e.g. Abelard and Héloise's child.
    * The apostrophe follows the s of a word with two
    http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=sibilant  sibilant
    sounds; e.g.
    Kansas' and Moses'.
    * Use of the apostrophe to indicate contraction
    The apostrophe is used when leaving out a letter or number in a
    contraction. For example, I can't (instead of cannot); let's dance
    (instead of let us); it's a beautiful day in the neighborhood (instead
    of it is).
    Use of the apostrophe in plurals:
    * Plurals of letter abbreviations with periods and single letters use 's.
    For example, "There are four s's in possess."
    * Plurals of letter combinations, numerals, and hyphenated nouns end
    in s with no apostrophe; for example, 1s and 0s. The apostrophe is
    not used in names of organizations unless actually part of the legal

    3) Their or their or they're

    Their means 'of them', while they're is short for 'they are':
    That's their house, over there, and they're in the garden right now.

    Their, They're, or There? Their: possessive form of the word they, e.g.,
    Their Web site is full of typos. They're: Contraction of the words "they" and
    "are," e.g., They're doing a great job on their Web site. There: at or in that
    place, e.g., "Now there is a stunning Web site.

    4) Please see the following link for common grammar and usage errors and how
    to fix them:
    http//www.editingandwritingservices.com/commonmistakes.html


    5) 10 ways I lose things, or most common
    If this is a title, it does not need a period or question
    mark. This is a statement not a question.

    Best Regards,
    SF Bay girl

    THESE ARE PROBLEMS STILL, BUT I AM SOLVING WITH THE USE OF GRAMMAR CHECKING PROGRAMS

    Verb and number agreement
     - I have a problem with this and constantly do not make them agree, the grammar checker in Word picks this up and helps me, but the program I am using FrontPage does not, so the only way to make a better webpage for me it  to type in Word and copy and paste into the FrontPage program. This is not that easy, as I must copy first into notepad to make into text, then I will paste into the program. I have started to do this with the Newletter, but if you are reading this you may pick up on problems in this writing.

    VERBS - My family says or uses the wrong verbs. No matter what I do, the sound of a sentence like this seems incorrect, very difficult because this sounds strange to me. I constantly confuse "was" and "were."

    WAYS OR METHODS I AM USING FOR STUDYING GRAMMAR

    1. Having other travelers read my newsletters and explain problems.

    2. Asking my readers to correct my problems or letters.

    3. I download the links on grammar with a program called "Web Stripper." One of these links should allow you to download.
      http://webstripper.net
      http://www.webstripper.net
      http://www.solentsoftware.com

    4. DEFINITIONS:


      TITLE:

      1 a obsolete : inscription b : written material introduced into a motion picture or television program to give credits, explain an action, or represent dialogue- usually used in plural
      2 a : all the elements constituting legal ownership b : a legally just cause of exclusive possession c : the instrument (as a deed) that is evidence of a right
      3 a : something that justifies or substantiates a claim b : an alleged or recognized right
      4 a : a descriptive or general heading (as of a chapter in a book) b : the heading which names an act or statute c : the heading of a legal action or proceeding
      5 a : the distinguishing name of a written, printed, or filmed production b : a similar distinguishing name of a musical composition or a work of art
      6 : a descriptive name : appellation
      7 : a division of an instrument, book, or bill; especially : one larger than a section or article
      8 a : an appellation of dignity, honor, distinction, or preeminence attached to a person or family by virtue of rank, office, precedent, privilege, attainment, or lands b : a person holding a title especially of nobility
      9 : a written work as distinguished from a particular copy ²published 25titles last year³
      10 : championship 1 ²won the batting title³



       


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