Critical Thinking

Critical thinking generally refers to higher order thinking that questions assumptions, statements, information, and knowledge, it is to find truth.

A Pandemic of People Who Do Not Think -- The Unexamined Life Is Not Worth Living

We all are 100 percent responsible for our thoughts, and actions. It is impossible to control a persons thoughts, and you need a gun to control their actions.

All of Nature is a Battlefield

Critical Thinking leads me to believe that humans need anger, all humans need to destroy their competition to survive.

Covid-19 is Simple Serenity to Accept The Things I Cannot Change - Critical Thinking

There has never been easier decision, to have serenity, I must accept that I cannot change anything about this Covid-19 virus, we can be adult, and accept that which we cannot change.

Critical Thinkers Celebrate The Person Not The Race Or Gender - Critical Thinking

To address the race, or gender, sex is a form of violence, a manipulation of people, a person with an agenda.

Critical Thinking

Critical thinking generally refers to higher order thinking that questions assumptions, statements, information, and knowledge, it is to find truth.

Genius Is Simple, Enjoy Good Conversations

Anyone who keeps learning stays young I use so much energy trying to remove distractions, and people think I am stupid, yet today, I will talk with many friends, while you work.

George Orwell Wrote In Book 1984 2 + 2 = 5

June 2020 protesters want the police defunded, George Orwell's book, 1984 is being lived in the year 2020, and nobody is brave enough to say, 2 + 2 does not equal 5...

Here Is How Fake News Starts With Words And Feelings

Here Is How Fake News Starts With Words And Feelings - Critical Thinking!!! Fake news is exciting, while real news is BORING!!!

I am Not a Genius, I am Just Curious - Albert Einstein

“I am not a genius, I am just curious. I ask many questions. and when the answer is simple, then God is answering.” Albert Einstein

I See A Movie Inside My Brain - Critical Thinking

I accept that I am weird, and that I annoy most people, I try to walk away before they get angry. Andy Lee Graham

I'm Paranoid Because I Am Rational - Critical Thinking

A rational person is paranoid, because the news is controlled by money. The people with money enslave the populace, the more money, the less trustworthy.

Michel Crighton - Gell-Mann Amnesia Effect Means People Are Not Logical

Many of you have read Gell-Mann Amnesia Effect, they search for more information. I find it hilarious that Wiki-Nuts do not allow this to be a “Wikipedia” page this too is proof that most humans are not reasonable, logical beings.

Searching For Truisms So Obvious Or Self Evident The Debate Ends

Critical thinking would me to believe that when humans squabble, best to leave the comfort of the group entangled in debate, and search for truisms...

Seth Godin Finds Nicer Term For Idiot Proof Poka Yoke - Critical Thinking

John Roussel of Roussel Concrete Construction used to say to me, “Andy, let’s make it idiot proof.” And, Stanley would help… we made jigs, and tools.

Subscribing to TED Talks on Makes me Happy

TED (Technology, Entertainment and Design) is a global set of conferences formed to disseminate "ideas worth spreading."

The 10 Let's Go Brandon Words - Critical Thinking

There are words that start an argument, and they start an argument. The other day, a person said, "They will cancel you." Too weird to me, nobody can cancel my life, unless I argue with them.

The 3 Videos That Can Solves All The Problems On The Planet - Critical Thinking

When form good relationships with people, the we believe we must explain ourselves well, we will explain ourselves well, and the the world will be a great place to live, because a person who can explain themselves well can change the world.

The Dumbing Down Of Tourists, Travelers, And Expats

What happened? They got on the Internet, left their friends, and their is nobody to tell them, "you are a dunce." The Internet is safe space for the jokers.

The Follow Me Mentality Is Dumbing Down Young Minds

It is my opinion, that the Internet by power of suggestion, by like, and unlike has created a generation of youth who can only follow, not think.

The Obvious Principle By Andy Lee Graham - Critical Thinking

I have a strategy for making decisions, it’s called the obvious principle. Often we have 3-10 options, and we sit around thinking, and we have “Analysis paralysis.” then I use the “Obvious Principle.” to make progress.

Thinking Outside The Box - Critical Thinking

Travel Allows My Friends To Leave Their Box And Think Clear

99 percent of my friends spend 99 percent of their time defending the box they live in, unless I can get them to do a road trip. They will talk about life outside the box, but the box is so strong, few can step outside the box.

Users Eating Zooms Baffling Brilliant Bullshit - Critical Thinking

Developers, coders, techs are super prone to their addiction to the allure of :Baffling Brilliant Bullshit..." Addicted to their bias to be happy, they can say, "I figured out the configurations."

We Have 70,000 Thoughts per Day

The mere idea that I have 70,000 thoughts per day makes me tired. Critical Thinking

Where To Travel? I Say To Flip a Coin

The mind of man is a tricky bastard. It continues to say, “Andy, be logical, make a good decision.” And I say, “F–k you brain, I want to go there…” The truth is, I will be equally happy in both places, because I am a happy person, traveling with a happy person.

Critical thinking involves determining the meaning and significance of what is observed or expressed, or, concerning a given inference or argument, determining whether there is adequate justification to accept the conclusion as true. Hence, Fisher & Scriven define critical thinking as "skilled, active, interpretation and evaluation of observations, communications, information, and argumentation." Moore & Parker define it more naturally as the careful, deliberate determination of whether one should accept, reject, or suspend judgment about a claim and the degree of confidence with which one accepts or rejects it.

Critical thinking gives due consideration to the evidence, the context of judgment, the relevant criteria for making the judgment well, the applicable methods or techniques for forming the judgment, and the applicable theoretical constructs for understanding the problem and the question at hand. Critical thinking employs not only logic but broad intellectual criteria such as clarity, credibility, accuracy, precision, relevance, depth, breadth, significance and fairness. In contemporary usage "critical" has the connotation of expressing disapproval, which is not always true of critical thinking. A critical evaluation of an argument, for example, might conclude that it is valid. Thinking is often casual and informal, whereas critical thinking deliberately evaluates the quality of thinking. In a seminal study on critical thinking and education in 1941, Edward Glaser writes that the ability to think critically involves three things:

An attitude of being disposed (state of mind regarding something) to consider in a thoughtful way the problems and subjects that come within the range of one's experiences, Knowledge of the methods of logical inquiry and reasoning, Some skill in applying those methods.

Critical thinking calls for a persistent effort to examine any belief or supposed form of knowledge in the light of the evidence that supports it and the further conclusions to which it tends. It also generally requires ability to recognize problems, to find workable means for meeting those problems, to gather and marshal pertinent (relevant) information, to recognize unstated assumptions and values, to comprehend and use language with accuracy, clarity, and discrimination, to interpret data, to appraise evidence and evaluate arguments, to recognize the existence (or non-existence) of logical relationships between propositions, to draw warranted conclusions and generalizations, to put to test the conclusions and generalizations at which one arrives, to reconstruct one's patterns of beliefs on the basis of wider experience, and to render accurate judgments about specific things and qualities in everyday life.
Critical thinking can occur whenever one judges, decides, or solves a problem; in general, whenever one must figure out what to believe or what to do, and do so in a reasonable and reflective way. Reading, writing, speaking, and listening can all be done critically or uncritically. Critical thinking is crucial to becoming a close reader and a substantive writer. Expressed most generally, critical thinking is "a way of taking up the problems of life." Irrespective of the sphere of thought, "a well cultivated critical thinker": raises important questions and problems, formulating them clearly and precisely; gathers and assesses relevant information, using abstract ideas to interpret it effectively comes to well-reasoned conclusions and solutions, testing them against relevant criteria and standards; thinks open-mindedly within alternative systems of thought, recognizing and assessing, as need be, their assumptions, implications, and practical consequences; and communicates effectively with others in figuring out solutions to complex problems; without being unduly influenced by others' thinking on the topic.

Principles and dispositions
Critical thinking is based on self-corrective concepts and principles, not on hard and fast, or step-by-step, procedures.

Critical thinking employs not only logic (either formal or, much more often, informal) but broad intellectual criteria such as clarity, credibility, accuracy, precision, relevance, depth, breadth, significance.

Critical thinking is an important element of all professional fields and academic disciplines (by referencing their respective sets of permissible questions, evidence sources, criteria, etc.). Within the framework of scientific skepticism, the process of critical thinking involves the careful acquisition and interpretation of information and use of it to reach a well-justified conclusion. The concepts and principles of critical thinking can be applied to any context or case but only by reflecting upon the nature of that application. Critical thinking forms, therefore, a system of related, and overlapping, modes of thought such as anthropological thinking, sociological thinking, historical thinking, political thinking, psychological thinking, philosophical thinking, mathematical thinking, chemical thinking, biological thinking, ecological thinking, legal thinking, ethical thinking, musical thinking, thinking like a painter, sculptor, engineer, business person, etc. In other words, though critical thinking principles are universal, their application to disciplines requires a process of reflective contextualization.

Critical thinking is considered important in the academic fields because it enables one to analyze, evaluate, explain, and restructure their thinking, thereby decreasing the risk of adopting, acting on, or thinking with, a false belief. However, even with knowledge of the methods of logical inquiry and reasoning, mistakes can happen due to a thinker's inability to apply the methods or because of character traits such as egocentrism. Critical thinking includes identification of prejudice, bias, propaganda, self-deception, distortion, misinformation, etc. Given research in cognitive psychology, some educators believe that schools should focus on teaching their students critical thinking skills and cultivation of intellectual traits.

Thu, 8 Jul 2010 09:00:28

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