Lace of Brugge Belgium

Lace, ornamental fabric consisting of a decorative openwork of threads that have been twisted, looped, and intertwined to form patterns.

Needlepoint lace
Bobbin, or pillow, lace.

The line between lace and extremely lacelike embroidery is difficult to draw; in fact, the earliest needlepoint laces seem to have developed from techniques used in Italian drawnwork and cutwork. Bobbin lace, on the other hand, is derived at least in part from the macrame and twisting techniques used in forming decorative tassels from the fringe ends of woven cloth.

Bobbin lace is made by using spools called bobbins (as many as 1200 in elaborate examples) and a stuffed pad called a pillow. The pattern is drawn on paper or parchment, and pins are inserted along the course of the pattern, through the parchment into the pillow. The loose ends of threads wound on the bobbins are looped around selected pins, and the bobbins are then passed over, under, or around one another, plaiting, interlacing, and twisting the threads as desired. The patterns may be connected by brides or a reseau.

By 1700 the noblewoman's amateur craft had become a profitable industry. Important lace-making centers developed in Venice and Milan in Italy and in several Flemish cities. These were needlepoint laces, but bobbin laces were also highly developed, particularly in Genoa and Milan and in Flanders.


15aug01036.jpg (12780 bytes) Lady in the streets of Bugge Belgium demonstrating how to make lace.
Diplace of lace. 18aug01025.jpg (16221 bytes)
18aug01027.jpg (17794 bytes) Lots of store are within 100 meters of the Belfry.
Lace umbrellas 18aug01028.jpg (15021 bytes)
18aug01030.jpg (16559 bytes) Lace Postcard of Belfry in Brugge
Bobbins for the making of lace 18aug01033.jpg (16693 bytes)
20aug01047.jpg (13416 bytes) This type of display is in many stores

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