Rifa'a el-Tahtawi was an Egyptian writer, teacher, translator, Egyptologist and renaissance intellectual.
Rifa'a al-Tahtawi (born in Tahta, Egypt 1801; died in 1873) was an Egyptian writer, teacher, translator, Egyptologist and renaissance intellectual. Tahtawi was among the first Egyptian scholars to write about Western cultures in an attempt to bring about a reconciliation and an understanding between Islamic and Christian civilizations. He founded the School of Languages in 1835 and was influential in the development of science, law, literature and Egyptology in 19th-century Egypt. His work influenced that of many later scholars including Muhammad Abduh.